Premantura

Located at the very end of the peninsula, it dives into the blue-green sea, creating a magnificent sight. Its 30 kilometers of coastline, untouched bays and beaches, uninhabited islands, unique flora, and breathtaking landscapes, make it a unique place. Its sea is one of the cleanest in the Mediterranean. The typical Mediterranean architecture, gives the impression of a sleepy little sea town, that resists sea winds. In the town center, there is a bell tower of the church of St. Lovro, the patron of Premantura, which, visible from the sea, has served for centuries as a landmark for fishermen and sailors. History of Premantura goes deep into the past. Traces of dinosaurs, 70 million years old, on the nearby Fenoliga island, and the remains of buildings, thousands of years old, which are extending on its peninsula, are witnesses of the early emergence of life on the peninsula.

Because of its location, natural treasures, and openness of its inhabitants, Premantura is a perfect destination for those who want an active holiday in the unique environment. Cape Kamenjak, 9.5 km long, is a protected landscape, which in addition to stunning coastline, extending 30 kilometers, which reveals larger and smaller intimate coves, with extremely clear sea, is also known for over 570 plant species, of which 30 are on the list of endangered species. Among them there are 20 species of orchids, some of which are endemic. In front of the Cape Kamenjak rises Porer, a lighthouse, built in 1833, on 80 m wide cliff, where those who want to experience peacefull, and unique Robinson-like holiday, may stay. Premantura, with an exceptionally clear sea and winds that are kissing its coast, is a haven for windsurfers, while its seabed, rich with fish, shallows, underwater cliffs and sunken ships, lures every diver. There is no place else where the sunset achieves such beauty, or the moon river poures with such passion on the bright nights. Premantura offers an unforgettable getaway, that feeds the senses, charges the body with new energy, and awakens the spirit.

History

Dinosaur traces, found on the islet Fenoliga in 1975., most likely belonged to the theropod, ornithopod, and one type of sauropod dinosaurs. They are dating back to the Cretaceous period, between 65 and 70 million years of age. Premantura was, in ancient times, known as Capo di Pola, and in the 1st century, Roman Pomponio Mela, named it Promunturium Polaticum, from where its present name originates. According to findings, Premantura was inhabited 4,000 years ago. Three hill-forts were found, where life continued after the Roman occupation, when it was spreading along the coast. From that period, along with the buildings, the monuments with Greek and Latin inscriptions, and a bronze statue of Minerva have been found. During the Roman Empire, along with Pomer, it belonged to Pula, and then, in the 5th century, came under the possession of Vescovi, and after that, in the 8th century, Premantura belonged to the Sergi family. It came under the Venetian rule in 1331. In 1585., first immigrants from Dalmatia, specifically from Zadar arrived in Premantura, exiled by the Turkish invasion. The church, dedicated to St. Lorenzo, was built from 1632 to 1664. It is assumed that it was built on the foundations of the church of St. Nikola, from the mid-15th century. Nearby is the valley, which was named Runtian or Runtianum. At the place of that settlement, in the Middle Ages, a village was built, named Ronzano and later Ronzi, today called Runke, which Uskoks completely destroyed in the 17th century, after they had pillaged it, as well as the church dedicated to St. Martin, in a bay of the same name. From the period of Austro-Hungarian rule, several military facilities are still standing.